Bengaluru Sub-City Rail Undertaking: A brand new period of Advance Transport System




Bengaluru Commuter Rail is an under-construction suburban rail community for town of Bangalore. A Commuter Rail system for town was first proposed in 1983. Since then, a number of completely different route proposals had been made however no Commuter Rail challenge took form. It was lastly accepted within the 2019 Railway Price range. On 1 February 2020, finance minister, Nirmala Sitharaman talked about in her price range that the challenge could be applied at a value of Rs 18,600 crores.

The Finance Ministry acknowledged that the central authorities would offer 20% of the fairness and facilitate exterior help for as much as 60 % of the challenge value. It is going to be the primary of its variety and distinctive in India as it should have metro-like services and rolling inventory. It has the slowest design velocity amongst all the brand new commuter rail tasks presently being applied in India as Nagpur broad-gauge Metro and Nationwide Capital Area Transport Company are constructing rail tracks for a design velocity of 200 km/h with an working velocity of 160 km/h. The commuter rail together with Hyperloop, Excessive-speed Airport trains, Intercity trains, Metro rail, Metro Neo, and Metrolite will present rail based mostly public transport to Bengaluru’s basic public.

Present operation by Indian Railways

Indian Railway’s southwest railway zone operates a number of suburban prepare providers from Bengaluru to Hosur, Jolarpettai, Tumakuru, Marikuppam, Bangarpet, Hindupur, Mysuru, and Hassan. Hosur and Jolarpettai are throughout the border in Tamil Nadu and Hindupur is in Andhra Pradesh, whereas Tumakuru, Bangarpet, Mysuru, and Hassan are in Karnataka.

Service to and from Hassan, Hindupur, Hosur, and Tumakuru will function from Yesvantpur station within the metropolis’s northern suburb, whereas service to Marikuppan, Bangarpet, and Jolarpettai will probably be to and from Bengaluru’s foremost metropolis station. The zonal railway has been working every day suburban service between Bengaluru and Mysuru. Diesel Electrical A number of Unit (DEMU) and Mainline Electrical Unit (MEMU) automobiles will probably be used for the providers on the suburban routes.

Built-in intermodal and public transport expertise with final mile connectivity

Complete Mobility Plan for Bengaluru supplies a roadmap for an built-in public transport expertise. Bengaluru Suburban Rail stations will probably be built-in with different modes of transport for seamless switch between journey modes – as in European cities. Public Bus Service, Metro trains, Inter-city bus, Inter-city trains, Metrolite, Metro Neo, Hyperloop, BRTS, Peripheral Ring Highway, Bus precedence corridors, Airport metro, Airport Bus service, Excessive-speed Airport Prepare, will probably be built-in with the Suburban prepare community.

Public Bicycle Sharing (PBS) and the Shared Micro-Mobility System initiatives have been launched to offer last-mile connectivity to suburban rail stations. Ok-RIDE plans to evolve all 57 stations into built-in industrial hubs (good station hubs) the place folks can work, park, store, eat, and commerce. Approaches to suburban prepare stations will probably be supplied from all instructions.

Undertaking Particulars

DPR for the challenge has included many uncommon and distinctive options in System.

  • Many Stations will act as Built-in industrial hubs.
  • Many Stations will probably be constructed as Intermodal Integration hubs the place folks can change simply with different modes of transport like Metro.
  • Stations may have an Automated fare assortment system and Platform display doorways. 
  • DPR means that Metro Prepare units (EMU) – RS 13 collection, which is utilized in Delhi Metro and manufactured at M/s BEML, Bengaluru, is essentially the most appropriate for the Bengaluru Commuter Rail system.


Route-1: Sampige Line

Route-2: Mallige Line

Route-3: Parijaata Line

Route-4: Kanaka Line


Two depots have been deliberate. Jnanabharathi depot could be unfold over 56.9 acres and Devanahalli depot could be on 61.2 acres. Nevertheless, these are usually not on precedence routes 2 and 4. Therefore, the feasibility of a depot at Huskuru alongside Kanaka Line is being explored in addition to different choices.

Route Proposals

  1. Routes really helpful by RITES for CTTP – 2007
Hall Size (km)
Kengeri – KSR Bengaluru 13.0
KSR Bengaluru – Whitefield 24.0
KSR Bengaluru – Baiyappanahalli Through Lottegollahalli 23.0
Lottegollahalli – Yelahanka Junction 7.0
Banaswadi – BMR Boundary 29.0
Kengeri – BMR Boundary 9.0
Yeshwanthpura Junction – BMR Boundary 14.0
BMR Boundary – Hosur 12.0
BMR Boundary – Ramanagara 23.0
BMR Boundary – Tumakuru 50.0
Whole 204.0
  1. Routes proposed by Praja in July 2010
Route Distance (km)
Yeshwanthpura Junction – Yelahanka Junction – Devanahalli – Chikkaballapura 60
Benniganahalli – Thanisandra Y elahanka Junction – Doddaballapura 37
Yeshwanthpura Junction – Benninganahalli – Anekal Highway – Hosur 66
Tumakuru or Nelamangala – Yeshwanthpura Junction – Benniganahalli 83
Yelahanka Junction – Benniganahalli – Whitefield – Malur – Bangarpet 80
Yelahanka Junction – Yeshwanthpura Junction – KSR Bengaluru – Kengeri – Ramanagara 50
Whole route size (km) 376
  1. Routes studied by RITES, as per their last report of November 2012
From To Distance (km)
KSR Bengaluru Mandya 92.88
KSR Bengaluru Yeshwanthpura Junction 5.35
Yeshwanthpura Junction Tumakuru 64.00
Yeshwanthpura Junction Yelahanka Junction 12.45
Yelahanka Junction Baiyappanahalli 19.23
Yeshwanthpura Junction Baiyappanahalli 16.12
Yelahanka Junction Doddaballapura 20.72
Yelahanka Junction Chikkaballapura 46.05
Baiyappanahalli Hosur 48.59
KSR Bengaluru Baiyappanahalli 10.76
Baiyappanahalli Bangarpet Junction 59.45
Soladevanahalli Kunigal 45.2
Whole 440.8
  1. Routes proposed by RITES & accepted
Route Distance Ridership(Estd, Lakhs) Size (Km) No. of Stations
Elevated Floor Elevated Floor
KSR Bengaluru – Yelahanka Junction – Devanahalli (Sampige Line) 41.40 2.82 18.98 22.42 8 7
Chikkabanavara Junction – Yeshwanthpura Junction – Benniganahalli (Mallige Line) 25.01 2.03 12.905 12.105 6 8
Kengeri – KSR Bengaluru – Bengaluru Cantonment – Whitefield.(Parijaata Line) 35.52 1.64 10.40 25.12 4 10
Heelalige – Yelahanka Junction – Rajanukunte (Kanaka Line) 46.24 3.34 13.29 32.95 4 15
Whole 148.17 9.83 55.575 92.595 22 40*


A Commuter rail service existed in Bengaluru as early as 1963 for HAL staff to commute from KSR Bengaluru to Vimanapura Railway station. In 1983 a proper Commuter Rail system for Bangalore had first been proposed by a crew from Southern Railway beneath then Railway Minister C. Ok. Jaffer Sharief and a Member of Parliament representing Bangalore. Their advice had been to spend money on 3 commuter rail traces and a 58-km ring railway. The package deal was estimated to value Rs. 6,500 million in 1983 phrases unfold over a 25-year interval.

Once more in 1993 C. Ok. Jaffer Sharief Minister of Railways, India. Influenced the State of Karnataka to ascertain one other committee trying into mass fast transit. This committee really helpful basically the identical put ahead by Southern Railway in 1983 and the identical round railway. Each in 1983 and 1993 the proposal was rejected by the then Prime Minister of India.

In 2007, RITES (Rail Indian Technical and Financial Providers) was commissioned by the Authorities of Karnataka to conduct a CTTP (Complete Site visitors & Transportation Plan) for town of Bengaluru. Their report known as for 10 Commuter Rail routes totaling 204.0 km. As per the report, Commuter Rail (alongside present rail routes) would value a lot lesser than mass fast transit programs.

In July 2010, a proposal was made by Praja Bangalore in a ‘Name To Motion report. This plan was supported & offered on the middle for infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and City Planning (CisTup), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore. The proposal had urged a 376 km community round three hubs (Yeswanthpura Junction, Benniganahalli & Yelahanka Junction) with 42 new stations. A key advice was to make use of the congested KSR Bengaluru solely as a pass-through station. In November 2011, RITES performed a feasibility examine completely for commuter rail providers in Bengaluru and submitted its last report back to the Directorate of City Land Transport (DULT) in November 2012. The 179-page report studied all present routes totaling 440.8 km of the rail community in & across the metropolis & growth of Commuter Rail providers over three phases.

The state authorities accepted the commuter rail system on 5 July 2013. Chief Minister Siddaramaiah accepted the system within the 2013-14 state price range that he offered on 9 July 2013. The price range proposed the establishing of the Bengaluru Suburban Rail Company Restricted, a particular objective car (SPV) to implement the challenge estimated to value Rs. 87.59 billion.

Within the 2016-17 Railway price range, Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu introduced a partnership with the Karnataka authorities for an Rs. 9000-crore Commuter Rail community for Bengaluru however didn’t allocate any funds. On 3 February 2016, the state authorities proposed a modified model of the unique RITES plan. This regarded to kick-start the challenge with an Rs. 1,000-crore funding to attach Mandya with Kengeri, Whitefield with Baiyappanahalli, and Tumakuru with Yeshwanthpu a Junction. The state authorities launched 100 crores in the direction of this. The state-appointed RITES once more studied the feasibility of the challenge, and the latter’s survey deemed the challenge as possible. Nevertheless, Railways acknowledged that the proposed Part Two of the challenge (linking Tumakuru and Yeshwanthpura Junction) was not possible.

In November 2018, RITES ready a revised plan for a 161 km community that was once more amended in August 2019 to cut back prices. Out of 82 stations, 29 stations had been deleted, route size lowered to 148 km & prices lowered to Rs. 16,000 crores. This was lastly accepted by the Authorities of India.

Newest Replace

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 20 laid the inspiration stone for rail and highway infrastructure tasks price over Rs. 28,000 crores in Karnataka, together with the Bengaluru Suburban rail challenge. Among the many tasks kicked off, the sub-urban rail challenge is the costliest challenge at a value of over Rs. 15,700 crore. It envisages 4 corridors with a complete route size of over 148 Kms. The target is to reinforce mobility and enhance connectivity in Bengaluru.

The challenge will join Bengaluru metropolis with its suburbs by a Rail-based fast transit system. Dubbed as India’s most built-in Rail challenge, it’s prone to be accomplished by 2026. The community may have 57 stations in six instructions of Bengaluru, which embrace Kengeri on the Mysore aspect, Chikkabanavara on the Tumkur aspect, Rajanakunte on the Doddaballapura aspect, Devanahalli on the Kolar aspect, and Whitefield on Bangarpet aspect. Additional, PM Modi devoted to the nation India’s first Air Conditioned Railway Station – Sir M Visvesvaraya Railway Station at Baiyappanahalli, which is developed on the traces of a contemporary airport at a complete value of round Rs 315 crore.

Within the state that’s dwelling to the fourth largest know-how cluster on the planet, 150 ‘Know-how Hubs’ have additionally been inaugurated that can upskill the employees in cutting-edge know-how. Karnataka is the primary FDI vacation spot and Bengaluru is the IT hub of India. The highway and rail connectivity tasks in Bengaluru will give a powerful enhance to India’s economic system. It is going to additionally catalyze the colourful car, agro, aerospace, textile and garment, biotech, and heavy engineering industries.

Different Vital Infra Tasks

The Prime Minister additionally laid the inspiration stone of a number of rail and highway tasks. These embrace the redevelopment of Bengaluru Cantt. and Yesvantpur Junction railway station to be developed at a value of round Rs 500 crore and Rs 375 crore respectively. A number of rail electrification tasks and railway line doubling tasks which were accomplished had been devoted to the nation immediately.

Two sections of the Bengaluru Ring Highway challenge are to be developed at a value of greater than Rs 2,280 crore which can assist scale back visitors congestion within the metropolis. Different highway tasks are six laning of the Nelamangala-Tumkur part of NH-48, widening of Punjalkatte-Charmadi part of NH-73, and rehabilitation and upgradation of a piece of NH-69. The cumulative value to be incurred in these tasks is about Rs 3,150 crore.

The Prime Minister devoted the nation to 150 ‘Know-how Hubs’ which were developed by reworking the Industrial Coaching Institutes (ITIs) throughout Karnataka. This distinctive initiative developed at a value of over Rs 4,600 crore is supported by many business companions. It goals to create a talented workforce to handle Business 4.0 manpower wants. These Know-how Hubs, by their numerous revolutionary programs, will present high-skill coaching in cutting-edge know-how and enhance alternatives for ITI graduates in employment and entrepreneurship.

The Prime Minister whereas laying the inspiration stone of the challenge mentioned that “Bengaluru is a mirrored image of the spirit of Ek Bharat – Shreshtha Bharat. The event of Bengaluru is the event of tens of millions of desires. Due to this fact, within the final 8 years, it has been a steady effort of the Central Authorities to develop Bengaluru additional”. “The Indian Railways is now attempting to offer the services, the atmosphere that was as soon as obtainable in airports and air journey. The trendy railway station in Bengaluru named after Bharat Ratna Sir M. Visvesvaraya can be proof of this,” PM Modi additional mentioned in connection to India’s first Air Conditioned Railway Station which was inaugurated on the day.

Every day Updates from Metro & Railway


Supply hyperlink